Weather Based Agromet Advisory Bulletin

Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa

(Applicable for Delhi and NCR)

Division of Agricultural Physics

ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute

PUSA, New Delhi – 110 012

www.iari.res.in (Weather Advisory)

Year 29, No:-27/2022-23/Fri.                                             Time: 2.30 PM                                         Date: 01st July, 2022

Weather during current week (From 25th June, to 01st July, 2022)  

    Cloudy weather conditions were observed during the week except a rainfall of 70.0 mm on 01st July was recorded at the institute observatory.The maximum temperature ranged between 30.0°C and 42.0°C (weekly normal 36.0°C). Minimum temperature ranged between 23.0°C and 30.0°C (weekly normal 27.1°C). Relative humidity at 7.21 AM ranged between 57 and 87 percent and that at 2.21 PM ranged between 29 and 95 percent. The average bright sunshine hour during the week was 5.7 hours per day (weekly normal 5.9 hours). The average wind speed recorded was 5.2 km/h (normal 7.1 km/h). Mean evaporation rate during the period was 6.1 mm/day (weekly normal 8.2 mm/day). Wind during morning and evening it was from different directions.

Weather Forecast for next five days received from India Meteorological Department, Regional Meteorological Centre, Agromet Advisory Unit, Lodhi Road, New Delhi is given belows

  Weather parameter/ Date

02-07-22

03-07-22

04-07-22

05-07-22

06-07-22

  Rainfall (mm)

2.0

2.0

2.0

5.0

12.0

  Maximum Temperature (°C)

34

36

36

36

36

 Minimum Temperature (°C)

24

24

24

24

23

  Average Cloud Cover (Okta)

7

7

7

7

7

  Maximum RH. (%)

90

85

85

100

100

  Minimum RH. (%)

70

65

65

80

80

  Average Wind Speed( kmph)

12

06

12

12

08

  Predominant Wind direction

SSE

WSW

NNW

WNW

E

  Cumulative Rainfall (mm)

                                                    23.0  mm

  Special weather

    On 06th July 2022 Moderate to Heavy rain likely to occur.

Weather based Agromet-Advisories (for the period ending on 06th July, 2022)

Advisory based on advices received from the subject matter specialists of agromet-advisory committee:

  • Keeping rainfall forecast in mind farmers are advised for proper management of drainage in standing crops and vegetable nurseries.
  • Farmers are advice to transplant 20-25 days old paddy seedling in prepared fields with spacing of 20 x 10 (R x P) cm. Nitrogen 100 kg./ha, Phosphorus 60 kg./ha, Potash 40 kg./ha and zinc sulphate 25 kg/ ha should be use before transplanting. Add one packet/acre of Blue Green Algae (BGA) in those fields of paddy where standing water is available, as it is rich source of nitrogen. Farmers are advised to make bund for conserving rain water in the field. Bund should be higher and wider so that more rain water can be conserved in the field.
  • In the paddy nursery, if upper leaves of the paddy seedlings become yellow and lower leaves remain green, it indicates the iron deficiency. Spraying of ferrous sulphate @ 0.5 % with 0.25% lime solution is recommended to overcome this problem.
  • Farmers are advised for sowing of maize in prepared fields. Maintain optimum soil moisture in the field. Recommended Hybrids: AH-421, AH-58 or Composites: Pusa composite-3, Pusa composite-4. Seed rate 20 kg/ha. It is also advised to maintain row to row spacing 60-75 cm. and plant to plant spacing18-25 cm. Spray of Atrazine 1-1.5 kg a.i/ha. in 800 litre of water is recommended for effective weed control in maize.
  • Sowing of short duration varieties of pigenpea (Pusa 991, Pusa 992, Pusa 2001, Pusa 2002) may be done in this week. Maintain optimum soil moisture in the crop field Farmers are advised to procure good quality seeds from certified sources. Before sowing pigeon pea seeds should be treated with crop specific Rhizobium culture and Phosphate Solublesing Bacteria (PSB). This treatment increases the crop production.
  • Sowing of fodder sorghum specially Pusa Chari-9, Pusa Chari-6 or Other Hybrids can be done in this week. Seed rate should be 40 kg/ha. Fodder crop lobia can also be sown in this week. Maintain optimum soil moisture in the field.
  • Farmers are advised for field preparation for sowing of kharif onion, lobiya, spinach, amaranthus and ladyfinger. Maintain optimum soil moisture in the crop. Farmers are advised to procure good quality seeds from certified source.
  • Farmers are advised to start sowing of rainy season Cucurbits. Maintain optimum soil moisture in the crop. Some popular hybrids are Bottle Gourd- Pusa Naveen, Pusa Samridhi, Bitter Gourd- Pusa Visesh, Pusa-2 mosumi, Pumpkin- Pusa Visvash, Pusa Vikash, Ridge Gourd- Pusa Chikni, Cucumber- Pusa Uday, Pusa Barkha etc.
  • Farmers who want to establish new orchards in this rainy season are advised to dig the pits 1mx1mx1m and fill these with well decomposed FYM. The pits should be treated with 5.0 ml of chlorpyrifos 20 EC per litre water to prevent termite and white grub.
  • Before sowing of any crop, farmers are advised for application of well decomposed FYM or compost, it increases the water use efficiency as well as nutrient quantity in the soil. Use balance amount of fertilizers after soil testing. Farmers are also advised to increase the amount of potash it helps in minimizing the losses due to the moisture stress during dry spell. In rain fed areas, use of mulches is beneficial for conservation of moisture in the soil.

 

Members of Agro advisory Committee

Dr. Ananta Vashisth (Nodal Officer, Agril. Physics)

Dr. P. Krishnan (Head, Division of Agril. Physics)

Dr. Deb Kumar Das (Principal Scientist, Agril. Physics)

Dr. B. S. Tomar (Joint Director Extension (Acting) and Head, Division of Vegetable Science)

Dr. J.P.S.Dabas (Principal Scientist and Incharge, CATAT)

Dr. Dinesh Kumar (Principal Scientist, Agronomy)

Dr. P. Sinha (Principal Scientist, Plant Pathology)

Dr. Sachin Suresh Suroshe (Principal Scientist, Entomology)