Improvement of shelf life and nutritional quality of soya oil
Soya oil contains 20-30 percent oleic acid and 50-55 percent linoleic acid. To increase these heel life and nutritional quality of soya oil content of poly-unsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid may be decreased and simultaneously the content of mono-unsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), oleic acid may be increased. To achieve this fad 2-1gene has been isolated from soybean seed and characterized. The sense and antisense constructs are being prepared in suitable vector which can further be used to develop transgenic soybean with reduced linoleic acid.
Isolation and characterization of genes involved in lipid metabolism for biosynthesis of designed oil
Plants store energy in the seeds in the form of triacylglycerol. The gene which is involved in the synthesis of triacylglycerol has been isolated and characterized from Brassica juncea. Some of the genes are highly specific for its substrate and such genes may be further used for genetic manipulation of oil biosynthesis to get designed oil having specific combination of fatty acids used for different industrial purposes. Such designed oils will have more industrial demand and ultimately farmers will earn more by cultivating and selling such oil seeds.
CO sensitivity of crop plants
C4 crop plants such as maize, corn etc. are more sensitive to pollutant especially carbon monoxide as compared to C3 plants such as wheat, rice etc. It would be a useful practice which will add to farmer's kitty if C4 crop cultivation is avoided in the vicinity of urban location and around intensely used national highways.