भा.कृ.अ.प. - भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान संस्थान | ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute

Agromet Advisory (English)

Weather Based Agromet
Advisory Bulletin
Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa
(Applicable for Delhi and NCR)
Division of Agricultural Physics
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute
PUSA, New Delhi – 110 012
www.iari.res.in (Weather Advisory)

Year 30, No: -93/2023-24/Tue.                                                                                     Time: 2.30 PM                                                                  Date: 20th February, 2024

Weather during current week (From 14th to 20th February, 2024)

     Clear weather conditions were observed during the week. Except a rainfall of 3.4 mm on 20th February, were recorded at the institute observatory. Maximum temperature ranged between 24.0°C and 28.6°C (weekly normal 23.4°C). Minimum temperature ranged between 4.9°C and 15.1°C (weekly normal 9.3°C). Relative humidity at 7.21 AM ranged between 74 and 96 percent and that at 2.21 PM ranged between 32 and 47 percent. The average bright sunshine hour during the week was 6.5 hours per day (weekly normal 6.0 hours). The average wind speed recorded was 3.0 km/h (normal 3.8 km/h). Mean evaporation rate during the period was 2.7 mm/day (weekly normal 3.0 mm/day). Wind during morning was Calm and evening was from North West directions.

Weather Forecast for next five days received from India Meteorological Department, Regional Meteorological Centre, Agromet Advisory Unit, Lodhi Road, New Delhi is given belows
Weather parameter/Date2024-02-212024-02-222024-02-232024-02-242024-02-25
Rainfall (mm)
Maximum Temperature (°C)2624242526
Minimum Temperature (°C)1211100910
Average Cloud Cover (Okta)44224
Maximum RH. (%)9595909090
Minimum RH. (%)4545404040
Average Wind Speed (kmph)1216120606
Predominant Wind directionsSSEENEENEENEN
Cumulative Weekly Rainfall (mm)
Special weather
Very light rain / thundershower.

Weather based Agromet-Advisories (for the period ending on 25th February, 2024) 

Advisory based on advices received from the subject matter specialists of agromet-advisory committee: 

  • Keeping very light forecasted rainfall in view, farmers are advised not to do irrigation as well as any type of spray in all standing crops.
  • In present weather condition farmers are advised to procure quality seeds for green gram and black gram from certified source for sowing during first week of March. Variety: - Green gram – Pusa Visal, Pusa Vaisakhi, PDM-11, SML-32 and Black gram – Pant Urd 19, Pant Urd 30, Pant Urd 35, PDU-1. Seed treatment with crop specific Rhizobium culture as well as phosphorus solubilishing bacteria is also advised.
  • Keeping weather in view, start field’s preparation for sowing of early crop of lady finger- A-4, Parbani Kranti and Arka anamika cultivars. Insure optimum moisture for proper germination before sowing of crop.  Seed rates should be 10-15 kilogram per acre. 
  • In present weather condition constant monitoring of the wheat crop against rust disease is advised. If symptoms of black, brown or yellow rust appears spraying of crops with Dithane M- 45 @ 2.5 grams per litre of water should be done. For yellow rust temperature should be between 10-20°C. Above 25°C the dispersion of yellow rust does not occurs. For brown rust the temperature should be between 15-25°C with humid weather conditions. For black rust temperature should be above 20°C with less humidity.
  • Keeping weather in view, farmers are advised to monitor their vegetable and mustard crops against attack of aphid. To control an increasing pest population spraying of Imidacloprid @ 0.25 to 0.5 ml per litre of water in vegetable crops after harvesting of mature fruits is advised. In vegetable crops a waiting period of one week should be followed after spraying. Constant monitoring of oil seed mustard crop is advised as damage by this insect is very high. 
  • In present weather condition sowing of French bean, cluster bean, summer radish is advised as present temperature is suitable for germination of seeds. Procurement of seeds should be done from a certified source. 
  • In present weather conditions, transplanting of young seedlings of tomato, chilli and cole crop may be done in this week.
  • Keeping weather in view, constant monitoring of timely sown onion crop against attack of thrips and infection of purple blotch should be done. Spraying of Confidor @ 0.5 ml per 3 litre of water with sticky material (Tipol 1.0 gram /litre) is advised for thrips and need based spraying of Dithane-M -45 @ 3 grams per litre of water with sticky material (Tipol 1.0 gram /litre) are advised for purple blotch disease.
  • Keeping weather in view, installation of bird perches in tomato crop is advised to control fruit borer insect. Hand picking of damaged fruit and burying are advised. Installation of pheromone trap @ 2-3 traps per acre of crop field is advised for monitoring the tomato fruit borer. 
  • In brinjal crop to control shoot and fruit borer, collection of infested fruits and shoots and burying these are advised. If pest population is high, spraying of Spinosad 48 EC @ 1 ml. /4 litres of water is advised.
  • Keeping weather in view, constant monitoring of inflorescence rotting disease in marigold crop is needed. If symptoms are found spraying of Bavistin @ 1 gram\litre water is advised.

Members of Agro advisory Committee

Dr. Ananta Vashisth (Nodal Officer, Agricultural Physics)

Dr. Subash Nataraja (Head, Division of Agricultural Physics)

Dr. P. Krishnan (Professor, Division of Agricultural Physics) 

Dr. Deb Kumar Das (Principal Scientist, Agricultural Physics)

Dr. B. S. Tomar (Head, Division of Vegetable Science)

Dr. J.P.S. Dabas (Principal Scientist and Incharge, CATAT)

Dr. Sachin Suresh Suroshe (Project coordinator, AICRP on Honeybee)

Dr. Dinesh Kumar (Principal Scientist, Agronomy)

Dr. P. Sinha (Principal Scientist, Plant Pathology)

ICAR-IARI Scientists