Weather Based Agromet Advisory Bulletin

Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa

(Applicable for Delhi and NCR)

Division of Agricultural Physics

ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute

PUSA, New Delhi – 110 012 (Weather Advisory)

 Year 25, No: - 100/2018-19/Tue.                 Time: 2.30 PM                 Date: 19th March,2019

Weather during current week (From 13th to 19th March, 2019)  

           Partially cloudy conditions were observed during the week. The maximum temperature ranged between 23.7°C and 27.2°C (weekly normal 27.7°C). The minimum temperature ranged between 9.0°C and  14.0°C  (weekly normal 13.8°C). Relative humidity at 7.21 AM ranged between 89 and 98 per cent and that at 2.21 PM ranged between 28 and 86 per cent. The average bright sunshine hour during the week was 6.0 hours per day (weekly normal 7.8 hours). The average wind speed recorded was 4.0 km/h (normal 5.2 km/h). Mean evaporation rate during the period was 2.3 mm/day (weekly normal 5.5 mm/day). Wind during morning was calm and evening it was from different directions.

Weather Forecast for next five days received from India Meteorological Department, Regional Meteorological Centre, Agromet Advisory Unit, Lodhi Road, New Delhi is given below:


  Weather parameter/ Date






Rainfall (mm)






Maximum Temperature (°C)






Minimum Temperature (°C)






Average Cloud Cover (Okta)






Maximum RH. (%)






Minimum RH. (%)






Average Wind Speed( kmph)






Predominant Wind direction






Cumulative Rainfall (mm)

                        2.0 mm

Special weather

















Weather based Agromet-Advisories (for the period ending on 24th March, 2019)

Advisory based on advices received from the subject matter specialists of agromet-advisory committee:

1.    In view of increasing temperature farmers are advised to irrigate wheat crop in grain filling stage. Light irrigation should be done in the evening hours.

2.    After threshing of mustard crop farmers are advised to destroy the crop residues, this will minimize the attack of painted bug. Before keeping mustard grains in store, it should be properly cleaned and dried to the recommended level (less than 12%) of moisture content.  

3.     Farmers are advised to start sowing of green gram and black gram. Seed should be procured from certified source. Variety: - Green gram – Pusa Visal, Pusa 9531, PDM-11, SML-668 and Black gram – Pant Urd 19, Pant Urd 30, Pant Urd 35, PDU-1. Seed treatment with crop specific Rhizobium culture as well as phosphorus solubilishing bacteria (PSB) is also advised. Insure optimum soil moisture for proper germination. 

4.      In view of increasing temperature farmers are advised for light irrigation in vegetable crops.

5.      In cucurbitaceous crop which are 20-25 days old, application of 10-15 gram urea/hill is advised.

6.     Keeping increasing temperature in view, farmers are advised for sowing of lady finger. Cultivars: A-4, Parbani Kranti, Hisar Unat, Punjab Padmani and Arka anamika. Insure optimum soil moisture for proper germination. Seed rates should be 8-10 kg/acre. Use well decomposes FYM before sowing of crop.

7.    Sowing of French bean (contender), cluster bean (Pusa Sukomal is advised as present temperature is suitable for germination of seeds. Procurement of seeds should be done from a certified source. Insure optimum soil moisture for proper germination. 

8.   In present weather conditions, transplanting of young seedlings of bringal, chilli in flat beds and direct sowing of cucurbits may be done in Hill channel method. Irrigation should be done after transplanting.

9.    Constant monitoring of timely sown onion crop against attack of thrips should be done. Spraying of Imidacloprid @ 0.5 ml per litre of water with sticky material (Tipol 1.0 gram /litre) is advised for effective control.

10.  Installation of bird perches in tomato crop is advised to control fruit borer insect. Hand picking of damaged fruit and burying are advised. Installation of pheromone trap @ 2-3 traps per acre of crop field is advised for monitoring the tomato fruit borer. Change the lure after 15 days.

11.  In brinjal crop, to control shoot and fruit borer, collection of infested fruits and shoots and burying these are advised. If pest population is high, spraying of Spinosad 48 EC @ 1 ml. /4 litres of water is advised.

12.  Farmers are advised for transplanting of summer marigold seedling in prepared fields. Irrigation should be done after transplanting.

13.  Temperature is suitable for sowing of fodder crops (bajra, sorgum maize, lobia). Insure optimum soil moisture before sowing.  Sowing of HM-4, hybrid cultivar of baby corn may also be done.

14.  In mango orchard, Start monitoring for mango hopper, mango mealy bug and destroy infected inflorescence if mango malformation is found.

15.  Before storage, grains should be properly cleaned and it should be dried to the recommended level of moisture content. Godowns should be properly cleaned by removing all the grains and other storage matter of previous crop. Cracks and crevices of the walls should be cleaned and repaired and whitewashing should be done.

Members of Agro advisory Committee

Dr. Ananta Vashisth (Nodal Officer, Agril. Physics)

Dr. P. Krishnan (Head, Division of Agril. Physics)

Dr. Deb Kumar Das (Principal Scientist, Agril. Physics)

Dr. Subhash Chander (Professor, Entomology)

Dr. J.P.S.Dabas (Principal Scientist and Incharge, CATAT)

Dr. B. S. Tomar (Head, Division of Vegetable Science)

Dr. Dinesh Kumar (Principal Scientist, Agronomy) 

Dr. P. Sinha (Principal Scientist, Plant Pathology)