Accomplishments

To put the transfer of technology programme of the Institute at national level, a separate Unit of Transfer of Technology (UTT) was established in 1984. The unit took up several useful action research programmes in different parts of the country. CATAT has pioneer role in transfer of agricultural technologies to farmers and other clients. Approaches and strategies developed by the Centre :

  • Community Farming approach:
  • Technology assessment and refinement through Institute Village Linkage Programme:
  • Varietal diversification through seed production programme
  • Farmers Participatory Action Research Programme on Water Management Technologies for Sustainable Crop Production
  • Farmers Participatory Seed Production
  • Wheat Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs) on wheat and maize
  • Akashwani pathshala:
  • National Extension Programme of the Institute in Collaboration with 17 SAUs and ICAR Institutes.
  • Partnership Programme with Voluntary Organisations:
  • Integrated development of village with model Village Approach:

 

Significant accomplishments:

  • Revolutionized mustard and gram cultivation in reverine belt of Eastern UP by increasing their production almost by three times during late eighties, which significantly contributed to the National Golden Revolution and increased the pulse production of the area.
  • In earthquake devastated Uttarkashi (Now in Uttarakhand) in 1990, technological interventions of the Centre resulted wide scale penetration of IARI technology in the area which substantially initiated the income and quality of life of the farmers.
  • Benefitted about 3000 farmers by way of on-farm trials/VTs in 12 operational areas. Technological interventions on crops such as paddy, sorghum, wheat, vegetables convinced the farmers about appropriate production technologies through which they could get 20% higher yield of these crops thus improving the social-economic status of the farmers. Farmers rated Pusa - 1121 as the best paddy variety. Among wheat verities the yield of 58 q /ha in case of HD 2687, 56 q/ha in case of HD 2733 were 24% higher than local grown varieties.
  • Intensification of Rice-Wheat Cropping System with inclusion of moong variety, Pusa Vishal in different combinations of rice varieties demonstrated that Rice (Sugandh-4) - Wheat (WH-711) - Moong (P. Vishal) gave 45% higher return as compared local check crop rotation of Rice (PB-1) - Wheat. Diversification of rice-wheat cropping system with Pea as vegetable crop and gram as pulse crop in rabi season rewarded the farmers by 74% higher returns.
  • Improved farm implements like Wheel hand hoe, improved sickle and Khurpa cum sickle increased the efficiency of farm women by 2-3 times with economic gain of Rs. 1250 per hectare.
  • Management of Orobanchae weed in Mustard crop was demonstrated through Aqua plough for sowing mustard crop without pre-sowing irrigation which resulted in reduced weed infestation by 32-68% and the yield increased by 25%.
  • Cluster bean, onion, and sesame crops during preceding kharif season also reduced Orobanchae infestation in mustard crop by about 7-15%. Integrated Insect Pest Management in gram Crop done by putting 2-3 pheromone traps per acre before or at the time of flower initiation, light traps during night, spray of Nuclear Poly hedrosys Virus (NPV) when 15-20 adults start entering into the Pheromone traps per day were found very effective for controlling pest damage in gram crop with 40% increase in the yield of gram crop.
  • Farmers were mobilized through group action approach in Jhunjhunu and Churu districts of Rajasthan, Bulendshahar district in UP and Delhi villages by promoting and registration of eight cooperative societies and three farmers’ clubs each consisting of 40 to 80 farmers.
  • Ministry of Water Resources. The project is in operation in Bulandshahar, UP (4 villages), Jhajjar, Haryana (2 villages), and Jhunjhunu & Churu, Rajasthan (4 villages).
  • The demonstrations on water saving technologies, i.e. Laser levelling for efficient irrigation (3 ha.), System of Rice Intensification (9 ha.), Use of biogas slurry for improved soil health (8 ha.) has given encouraging results for sustainable higher crop productivity per unit of land and per drop of water.
  • Three Pathshalas on wheat (2004-05), Rice (May 2005) and Cotton (June 2005) played a significant role for speedy transfer of technological information to the farmers at mass level.
  • New paddy variety P-1509 has been observed to be early by 15-20 days. No incidence like Bakani was observed. However, it could not surpass the yield of P-1121 at Pabsera but exceeded at Badarpur Said. There is a need for further testing at farmers field for drawing a conclusion about this variety.
  • P-1401 paddy variety has shown promising yield and does not suffer from Bakani. However, the rate of the variety is not yet established as in case of P-1121 and thus fetches low price.
  • PRH-10 emerged as best paddy variety for eastern region in terms of higher yield, short duration and fineness.
  • Non-basmati variety P-2511 showed superiority in terms of yield and less duration.
  • In areas where water is not a limitation, P-44 paddy variety has outyielded all local varieties (average yield 5.6 t./ha).
  • Wheat variety HD-2733 in timely sown condition and HD 2985 in paddy - wheat sequence in low lands have performed well across the locations.
  • Wheat variety HS-420 was high yielder and remained yellow rust free even in epidemiological conditions.
  • Chickpea BGD-72 yields high but fetches lower prices due to its unpreferred colour and texture of the grain.
  • Lentil L-4076 fetched more price due to it preferred seed size and taste. It also yielded 7% more than K-75 at Bharatpur.
  • Pusa Naveen - Bottle gourd has its Niche market where small fruit size is preferred like Delhi.
  • P. Naveen bottle gourd due to market preference is more profitable than the other varieties like P. Santushti.
  • Mustard P. Bold is still giving very good yield comparable or even more than P. Vijay variety of mustard.
  • Carrot variety Pusa Rudhira was found profitable in NCR region due to its deep red colour, more sweetness, better market rate and gave net profit upto Rs. 2.23 Lakhs/ha.
  • Muskmelon variety Pusa Madhuras was found profitable due to its shape, size and taste and preferred in market.  Farmer earned net profit of Rs  75,000/acre in 3 months.
  • Short duration paddy variety PB 1509 yielded more (upto 5.2 t/ha) in comparison PB 1121 (upto 4.2 t/ha) and no incidence of Bakani disease was reported.