AG EXT 555 FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT IN EXTENSION                                                                                 (2L+1P) III

  The major objective of these courses develop basic managerial skills needed in managing extension organization. To help the students to understand and analyse different projects to management theory. To gain knowledge and insight including tools and techniques needed for planning, decision making, directing, controlling and budgeting.


  Nature and scope of management with special reference to agricultural institutions, Administration vs. Management, principles, functions and concepts of management, Theories of management: various approaches – classical theories – features of bureaucracy – administrative theory and scientific management – neo-classical theories :the human relations movement – modern theory –Systems approach to study organizations – Contingency or situations approach, Basic management issues in an extension organizations, Qualities and skills of a manager, roles of effective managers, Professional manager – styles and strategies;

  Planning – various tools and techniques for planning, planning for future, system approach to the planning process, Decision making – steps, tools and limitations, Organizing-basic elements, process and methods in organization. Organisational structure and types of organisational structures, Project organization, Matrix organization, free form organization, top management structure, Concepts of authority and responsibility, Span of management, Centralisation and decentralization, line and staff organization, signs of a poor organization, Departmentation, basic factors to be considered for grouping of activities, Service units – placement, Coordination – concept, need, types and techniques, Delegating – meaning, nature, need, principles and limits

  Staffing, need and importance, manpower planning, recruitment, selection, placement and orientation, training and development, Performance appraisal, meaning, concept, methods, Directing, nature, ways of  giving direction, Consultative direction – merits and demerits. Techniques of direction. Leadership – concept, characteristics, functions, different approaches and theories of leadership, leadership styles. Managing work motivation, different theories and approaches of motivation, Supervision – meaning, qualities and functions of supervision, essentials of effective supervision. Groups and committees, characteristics of organisational groups, team building and conflict management, Organizational Communication, concept, process, types, net works, Barriers to communication; Controlling, concept, types, methods and designing control systems, Budgeting, purpose, types of budgets, budgeting process. Auditing, internal and external, Staffing – Human resource management, HRM process, recruitment, selection, placement and orientation, Training and Development, Performance appraisal, meaning, concept and methods, Problems of agricultural management in India, Organizational climate- concept and ways to improve climate of development organisations, Recent advances in management of agricultural research and development organisations;

  Simulated exercise to understand management process-Field visit to extension organizations to understand the functions of management -Group exercise on development of short term and long term plan-Simulated exercise on techniques of decision making-Designing organizational structure -Group activity on leadership development skills.

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