DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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AG EXT 502 RURAL SOCIOLOGY AND DYNAMICS OF PLANNED CHANGE                                                                                 (3L+1P) II

Objectives
  The course is intended to orient the students with the basics of sociological principles and group dynamics for bringing planned change in a community. Understanding of rural society, values and culture will entail better planning for extension change programmes. Besides, the students will be learning about group dynamics approach to bring about planned changes in rural community.

Theory

UNIT I
  Rural Sociology and extension education–its significance for social researchers. Basic Concepts in Sociology – society, social structure, community, social institution, culture, social change, cultural change, social system, social process, social values, norms, folkways, mores, customs; cultural relativism, cultural integration, cultural lag, acculturation; Family, Kin and Clan – its relationship with group behaviour and rural development; Social Stratification : class and caste system, their impact on rural development.

UNIT II
  Groups – concept, development and norms, process of group formation and mobilization. Self Help Groups for development, Group Dynamics – Concept, theories and impact on rural community, transactional analysis and interaction analysis T-group and L group, Group behaviour and patterns of action – some Indian experiences.

UNIT III
  Leadership – concept, types and range of leadership behaviour and principles of leadership in community development work; Values, Folkways, Norms, Mores, Social Sanctions etc., Social Process and Social Interaction – Concepts, types, Competition, Conf lict, Cooperation Accommodation and Assimilation, and change in social process due to developmental programmes.

UNIT IV
  Dynamics of change – concept, types and importance in rural community, people’s institutions for development; Typology of change- planned, indoctrinational, technocratic, coercive, emulative, etc; Theories of social change – Immanency, Functionalism, Economic, Technological, Historical, Ideological, Evolutionary and Field Theory; Factors affecting change under rural settings; Stimulants and Barriers to change. Social Capital, Collectivism- Interdependence in larger groups, conformity and functional analysis of roles.

Practicals
  Visit to a village to study rural institutions. Preparation of a social map of a village with the help of villagers. Focus group discussions to identify stimulants and barriers to changes existing in rural community, Exercises on transactional analysis, interaction analysis and mobilizing groups; Exercises on small group interaction i.e., T group and laboratory training method.

Suggested Readings