DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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AG EXT 501 FUNDAMENTALS OF EXTENSION EDUCATION AND EXTENSION PROGRAMMES                                                    (3L + 1P) I

Objective
  The course is intended to orient the students with the concept of extension education and its importance in agriculture development and also to expose the students with various rural development programmes aimed at poverty alleviation and to increase employment opportunities and their analysis. Besides, the students will be learning about the extension system worldwide and new dimensions of Agricultural Extension in India.

Theory

UNIT I
  Origin and growth of extension in India and World, Meaning and aims of education and their implication to extension education, andragogy and pedagogy, Principles and theories of adult learning, Concepts, meaning and objectives of extension education, Analysis of various definitions of extension education, Conceptual and philosophical similarities and differences between extension education and extension work, community development, TOT, Role of extension in agricultural development.

UNIT II
  A brief history of development of Agricultural Extension System (AES) in India, Early efforts of community development in India/Pioneering extension efforts and their implications in Indian Agricultural Extension, Reorganized extension system (T&V system), Community Development Programme and National Extension Service, Approaches of rural development, Pover ty Alleviation Programmes, Employment Generation Programmes, Women Development Programmes.

UNIT III
  Agricultural Extension System of  the following countries with brief  history, approaches, organizational structure, linkage with research and extension methods used. Africa: Kenya, Zambia, Ethiopia, Tanzania Asia: China, India, Indonesia, Japan, and Sri Lanka Europe: Netherlands, Denmark, and United Kingdom Latin America: Brazil and Mexico North America: USA, The Near East: Egypt and Israel. Extension System in SAARC Countries. Successful extension approaches, brief  account of  methodology and reasons for success; FAO small farmers development projects: Masagana 99 Programme of Philippines; BIMAS programme of Indonesia; Social laboratory Experience of Philippines; and building self-help groups for extension in Philippines; Micro-finance in Bangladesh.

UNIT IV
  Overview of  reforms in extension, Analysis of  different approaches, Systems and models of Extension, Farmers participatory approaches, Farmers’ First and Farmers Last model, Farming system research and extension, Introduction to participatory techniques (RRA, PRA, PLA), Front line extension projects of ICAR, Extension role of SAUs and ICAR institutes. Innovations in extension, NATP, IVLP, TAR, ATMA, ATIC, Farmer Field School; Importance, principles and process in developing sound extension programmes; Need assessment and People’s participation in extension programmes; Critical analysis of various agricultural and rural development programmes; Programmes for gender empowerment, Self Help Group approach for rural development.

Practicals
  Analysing the organisational set up and functions of  the Directorate of  Extension, MOA, Extension Division of ICAR, Directorate of Extension, SAU, KVK, Corporate /Private / NGO, Experience in Technology Assessment, FSR, PRA techniques.

Suggested Readings